“The existential tourism”, modality in which the families farmers show the visitor their form of life, their customs and traditions, in a process of encounter and dialogue between people of two cultures, with the disposition towards a solidarity that can only be authentically given when being and front in front, without no culture is put on the other. By means of this type of tourism learning processes are generated interchange, mutual knowledge and confidence, which implies a recognition and respect of the interlocutor, a dialogue between pairs, each one with its cultural identity, its knowledge and their historical wealth (OIT, 2001). The existential tourism, in these circumstances, looks for to stimulate to that the families farmers do his those aspects of their culture that have come debilitating by social and economic questions by means of the auto recognition and the diffusion from their culture, their knowledge and technologies, helping to the conservation of the same ones, giving an extra value to the conventional commercial interchange that regularly orients to the yield and the homogenization with the consequent loss of diversity and wealth in the small farms.
Peru presents innumerable attractive for the visitors interested in the tourism of interaction with the rural communities and their cultures, possessing of conserved rural culture very well, emphasizing between its activities the one of original agriculture biodiversity and millenarian. The file of being center of agricultural, fundamental origin attractive has been beginning from the arrival of the men to this earth, approximately for 10.000 years, time in which the difficult process of domestication began. Cultures that have become fundamental for the feeding and the world-wide industry have originated in the Andes and their adjacent slopes, like the potato, frejol, pallar, the pumpkin, the sweet potato, lúcuma, and the cotton, in addition to less the most spread, but not less nutritional, like kiwicha, oca, olluco, arracacha, achira, rocoto, cañiwa, the cucumber, the tomato of tree, chirimoya, the tumble, etc.
dad playing a violin
Brack (2003) mentions 4400 species of native plants of uses known in Peru, emphasizing those that have nutritional (782), medicinal properties (1300), ornamentals (1600), tinctures, aromatic and cosmetic. This overwhelming abundance of uses known on the part of the Andean settlers puts us as opposed to a culture with ample knowledge of its atmosphere. The Andean agricultural culture maintains much of their religions and its Cosmo vision that fills all the activities developed by its settlers, as Cricket mentions well (1991): “in the Andes there is act, place, person, thing nor no date that is not sacred, that suggests cult, everything is reason for affection, celebration and respect”. Some of these can easily be appreciated by the visitors